Elizabeth (UK) Elizabeth) is a city in Union County, eastern New Jersey, the United States. Adjacent to the south of Newark, the Staten Island in New York is located on the opposite bank of Newark Bay and about 20km southwest of Manhattan. In the 2010 census, the population was 124,969, the fourth largest after Newark, Jersey City and Patterson in New Jersey. It is also the district office of Union County.
City of Elizabeth
the position of Elizabeth in Union County
(Upper right is the location of Union County in New Jersey.)
City of Elizabeth
|region||35.4 km2 (13.7 mi2)|
|land||31.6 km2 (12.2 mi2)|
|water surface||3.7 km2 (1.4 mi2)|
|water area ratio||10.47%|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||3809.5 people/km2 (9865.5 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: City of Elizabeth|
In 2008, Elizabeth City was the only city in New Jersey to be selected by the Popular Science magazine as the "50 Eco-Friendly Cities in the United States."
The town of Elizabeth was established by a British pioneer in 1664 and named after the wife of Sir George Cartlette. As many people imagine, it does not belong to Queen Elizabeth I of England. It was originally called Elizabethan Town and was part of the Elizabethan Traffic. It was the first English-speaking society formed in a new colony of New Jersey. It was also the first capital of the New Jersey colony. During the American War of Independence, the British army, based in Manhattan, New York, and Staten Island, was constantly threatening.
On March 13, 1855, Elizabeth City was established by the law of the New Jersey State Council. Based on the result of the referendum held on March 27, 1855, the system was a combination of Elizabeth Borrow (established in 1740) and Elizabeth Township (established in 1693). On March 19, 1857, it became a part of the newly established Union County. On March 4, 1861, a part of Elizabeth City was taken to establish a new Linden Town Ship.
A singer-sewing machine company was established as the first major industry and employed as many as 2,000 people. In 1895, an electric passenger and freight car company was established to manufacture an electric bat (electric car), which became the first automobile manufacturing company, and soon merged with another electric car manufacturing company, Riker. In 1897, the Electric Boat Company started to manufacture submarines for the U.S. Navy and flooded USS Holland, which became the first ship. Between 1896 and 1903, an advanced warship called Class A was developed at the Crescent Shipyard of Luis Nixon in Elizabeth. Although Elizabeth City grew up with her sister city, Newark, for many years, it was successful to live in the middle class, and the riots in the 1960s were also experienced.
Elizabeth is located at 40 degrees 39 minutes 44 seconds north latitude and 74 degrees 12 minutes 33 seconds west longitude/40.66222 degrees north latitude and 74.20917 degrees west longitude/ 40.66222 degrees;.20917.
The city borders Linden in the southwest, Roselle and Roselpark in the west, Union Towns and Hillside in the northwest, Newark (Essex County) in the north, Bayonne (Hudson County) in the east, and Staten Island in New York, across Newark Bay.
According to the Bureau of Statistics of the United States, the total area of the city is 13.7 square miles (35.4 km2), the land area is 12.2 square miles (31.6 km2), the water surface is 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2), and the water area is 10.47%.
business and industry
After World War II, Elizabeth's transportation system developed. The Marine Terminal, the port of Newark Elizabeth, became the world's largest port in prosperity, along with the Newark Liberty International Airport, which is partly located in Elizabeth City. The city has Jersey Gardens Outlet Mall, Rows Theater and Elizabeth Center, which made millions of dollars in income.
The city of Elizabeth and Linden built Bayway Refineries, a purification facility for Konoko Phillips, to supply oil products to New York and New Jersey states and produce about 230,000 barrels a day.
Some of the cities were designated as urban business zones, with consumption tax rates set at 3.5%, half of the state's 7%, and other systems favorable to business were established. The zone represents the highest entry rate in the state and benefited from about 1,000 businesses. The city's economic growth brought more than $1.5 billion in income and its consumption tax amounted to more than $50 million, allowing it to reinvest in the police, urban scenery and other infrastructure improvements.
Celadon, a multi-purpose development that includes 14 glass and curtain wall skyscrapers, offices, retail stores, hotels and walkways, has been proposed on the east side of the Jersey Gardens Outlet Mall facing Newark Port. Land leveling was conducted in the summer of 2008 for ferry, road and parking, and construction will continue for at least 12 years.
|historical data source:|
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
8,731 people from Colombia are among the most foreign-born residents of Elizabeth. The number exceeds 8,214 people from Mexico and Central America. It is a far larger number than 5,812 Cubans who come in second place. Apart from Spanish, the number three is the highest in Portugal with 4,544. It followed by 4,043 El Salvador, 3,591 Peru and 3,492 Dominican Republic.
Midtown (Broad Street and Morris Avenue) is sometimes called an uptown and is a major commercial district. It is also a historic district. There are the Presbyterian Church, the St. John's Episcopal Church, and the St. John's Episcopal Cemetery. The First Presbyterian Church became a battlefield during the War of Independence. There are also Earl Deco's Hersh Tower and Ritz Theater, which has been operated since 1926.
Bayway is in the southern part of the city and borders Linden. The distinctive foreign restaurants, bars and shops are located along Bayway Avenue and there are various places of worship. The style of residence is old and well-maintained. Two to four families have many affordable housing and an apartment house. This is the west end of the Gaiters Bridge over Arthur Kill and over Staten Island.
Elizabeth Port (Elizabeth Avenue, also known as the First Street, and Port) is the oldest, perhaps most diverse district in the city, a collection of old Elizabeth, the new United States, colonial houses and apartments that extend to the coast east of National Route 1 and Route 9. Although it has been Elizabeth's poor area for many years, there have been significant improvements over the last five years. Many houses were renovated or newly built to have a showy structure. There is also a housing plan that will destroy houses along the first street and replace them with attractive apartment buildings for the middle and low income class. Elizabeth Marina, who used to be buried in trash along the sidewalk, has been improved and there are many events throughout the year from the late spring Hispanic Festival to the light-up of the winter Christmas tree. The living conditions in this area have been improved year by year. Historically, the Slavic community (around the St. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church), the Lithuanian (around the St. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church), and the Polish (around the St. Adalbert Church) Roman Catholic Church are still in this area. The St. Patrick's Church, which was built in 1888 and was originally an Irish, looked down on this Elizabeth Port.
El Mora is a middle-class and working-class neighborhood in western Elizabeth City. Many Colombians and Jews live there, and there are many restaurants serving Jewish food. El Mora Avenue, a main main street, has a best restaurant, shop and boutique. The city's highest and tallest buildings (from which you can see the Skyline of New York City) are scattered around the border of the area, providing good access to the New Jersey Transit Station in Midtown. There is also Morris Avenue, which has a lot of shops and restaurants in Colombia. The northwestern part of El Mora is an area of the middle upper class which is sometimes called El Mora Hills. There are many Jews in this area.
The Frog Hollow is a small residential area to the west of Arthur Kill, to the south of Elizabeth Avenue. The area has an old fashioned and affordable housing and rental housing, while the working class community has a good quality restaurant. A bronze statue of the former Mayor of Mac in Elizabeth Avenue is a landmark in the area. The Veterans Memorial Waterfront Park is also near. The St. Patrick's Church in Elizabeport, a large Irish neighborhood from the late 1800s to World War II, is the largest church in Elizabeth Port, built by the Irish in the late 1800s and is still beautiful today.
Keelhead is located near Midtown, and one or two families have affordable housing and apartments. Access to commercial areas and transportation facilities in midtown is good from this area.
North Elizabeth, also called the North End, is a residential area of various working classes, including many Portuguese. It's convenient to get to New York and Newark through the stations of the New Jersey Transit Train, U.S. National Route 1 and 9, and New Jersey Turnpike. The area features Crane Square, New Gent Taban and Kellogg Park, which are close to Newark Airport for easy use. A development plan has been underway to convert the former Inter-Bake Foods facility into shopping, residential areas and apartment houses. There are many large one or two family houses that have been rebuilt over the past decade. There are high quality apartments and apartment houses around North Avenue, home to experts working in New York and the region.
Peterstown (also called the Zahburg) is a middle-class and working-class neighborhood in the southeastern part of the city. They are very diverse in both industry and ethnic sectors. The Italians and their descendants, who were once new immigrants, were dominant, but now the ratio is decreasing. There is a clean, quiet street, and many houses are suitable for the sense of "village." With its historic Union Square, stands are lined with meat, fresh fish and chicken. It is also the home of the Decavarkante family, one of the most notorious Mafia families in the United States.
The Point is located on the Newpoint Road, and is located near the Midtown. There are many affordable two-family housing and apartments here, and they are being remodeled.
Westminster is one of the largest residential areas in the city, with its Tudor style, Victorian style, ranch style and colonial style. This area borders on Hillside and has many characteristic places. Some new public schools are considered the best system in the city. In the Westminster neighborhood, the Elizabeth River flows by the hills in North Avenue near rich greenery and the Liberty Hall. The residents use the area for recreation, spending it in the newly-built Phil Litt Park area and enjoying bird watching and sunbathing on the river side. Westminster is one of Elizabeth's richest and most historic areas.
The city of Elizabeth adopts the Mayor and City Affairs Committee system in accordance with the Faulkner Act.
The municipal administration is carried out by the mayor and the City Administration Committee. The present mayor, J. Christian Borwege, is a resident of Elizabeth City since birth and is now the mayor's fourth term. The city government committee consists of nine members. The three members are chosen from all the cities and the six members are chosen from six wards in the city.
Federal, State, and County politics
Elizabeth II is divided into the 10th and 13th constituencies as part of the 20th seats in the U.S. Congress.
Union County is governed by a free-holder committee of nine members, and the committee is held once a month. County residents can get reports and comments on matters of interest.
The emergency medical care in Elizabeth City is handled by the Elizabeth Police Emergency Services Agency. This is the Civil Administration Office of the police station, which handles about 40,000 calls a year.
The municipal school in the city is under the jurisdiction of the Elizabeth Public School District, and it covers students from kindergarten through twelfth grade. It is one of the 31 Abbott areas in the state. Elizabeth High School is the largest high school in the state and the largest high school in the United States. According to the New Jersey Mansley magazine, the high school is ranked 302nd out of 316 and is the lowest in Union County.
Elizabeth has several private schools. St. Mary of the Ascension High School, St. Patrick's High School, St. Genevib's School, and Juish Education Center.
Elizabeth is a relay point for major roads, including New Jersey Turnpike, namely Interstate Highway 95, Interstate Expressway 78, U.S. National Highway 1 and 9 (which join in Elizabeth City), New Jersey Highway 22, Route 27, Route 28, Route 82, and Route 439. Unlike the general grid arrangement, Elizabeth City's road arrangement is a radial arrangement with a circumference centered around the railway center station.
mass transit system
Elizabeth is one of the largest cities in the United States of America where large-scale transportation facilities are used.
There are two stations on the North Jersey Coast and the Northeast Corridor of the New Jersey Transit. Elizabeth Station, also called Broad Street Elizabeth Station or Midtown Station, is a station to the south of Midtown. The other station is North Elizabeth Station.
The New Jersey Transit is planning a railroad line that connects Newark and Elizabeth, the alleged light rail in Union County. This line connects Midtown Station and Newark Liberty International Airport, and there are seven or eight stations in the city. The line can be extended further to Plainfield to connect Elizabeth City and the Lalitan Valley Line.
Colombian Airlines Corporation also runs a bus from John F. Kennedy Airport that connects Union City and Elizabeth City to passengers using the Abianka flight.
AM Radio Station WJDM (1530 kHz) is broadcasting from Elizabeth City with a license.
The News 12 New Jersey is a highly watched weather and news TV station in the city.
In 2008, Elizabeth City was selected by the Popular Science magazine as one of the "50 Eco-Friendly Cities in the United States," the only city in New Jersey. It ranks 45th, between Fremont, California and Rivonia, Michigan.
Citizens of Elizabeth can always use the public channel to access public information such as the city's budget committee, broadcasts from the Diet, and important health-care information. This service is provided by local programming of the cable vision. The channel is 18. The channel also includes top 10 TV programs, educational achievements, today's sayings, gasoline price statistics, and tips for keeping the town safe and clean.
well known inhabitants and people
- Judy Bloom (1938-), author
- Elias Boudinot (1740-1821), the Chairman of the Confederation and a member of the House of Representatives in the early United States
- Robert Nietzel Buck (1914-2007) broke the young record of the flight speed across the continent in 1930. the youngest pilot licensed from the United States
- William Burnett (1730-1791), a doctor who became the representative of the Congress of Continental Congress from New Jersey in 1780 and 1781
- Arthur Leopold BUSH (1866-1956), a submarine developer, and the founder of the first boat USS Holland SS-1, approved by the United States Navy on April 11, 1900. He lived in Elizabeth from 1895 to 1956. The first submarine in the United States was built in Elizabeth for the Holland and Torpedo and Electric Boat companies under the direction of Bush. The defense industry's General Dynamics Company has Elizabeth as its birthplace.
- born in Elizabeth II, Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947), recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize and founder of the Carnegie International Peace Fund
- John Katrin (1803-1874), acting governor of Wisconsin Territory
- Abraham Clark (1725-1794) was born and raised in Elizabeth, the representative of the Congress of the Continent and the signer of the United States Declaration of Independence
- Amos Clark Jr. (1828-1912), United States House of Representatives member and business man from New Jersey
- Michael Chertoff (1953-), born and raised in Elizabeth, the United States Secretary of Homeland Security
- Tom Corithio (1962-), restaurant manager, chef, and judge for reality TV program Top Chef
- Joseph Halsey Crane (1782-1851), a member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio
- father of Elias Dayton (1737-1807), the representative of the Congress of the Continent, Mayor of Elizabeth from 1796 to 1805, and Jonathan Dayton
- Jonathan Dayton (1760-1824), signed by the United States Constitution, Chairman of the United States House of Representatives, born in Elizabeth (Dayton, Ohio, is named after him)
- The Decavarkante family is based in Elizabeth, one of the largest mafia families in the United States
- John de Hart (1727-1795) was born and lived in Elizabeth, the representative of the Continental Congress
- Charles N. Fowler (1852-1932), a member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey from 1895 to 1911
- William Halsey Jr (1882-1959), commonly known as "Bull" Halsey, born to Elizabeth, the legendary fifth-star naval general of World War II, "Before we advance, Japanese will only be spoken in Hell."
- Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) who has lived in Elizabeth since his first arrival in America as a young man
- Finius Jones (1819-1884), a member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey from 1881 to 1883
- John Keene (1852-1914), a United States Senator from New Jersey from 1899 to 1911, and a United States Representative from New Jersey from 1883 to 1885 and from 1887 to 1889
- born and brought up in Elizabeth, an actor in stage, film and television (1952-), Daniel Hugh Kelly (1952-)
- Daniel C. Cruzer (1949-), Ambassador to the United States of Egypt from 1997 to 2001, Ambassador to the United States of Israel from 2001 to 2005, and Edelisabeth Wilson, who is currently the School of Public Affairs at Princeton University and who specializes in the Middle East policy study, was born and raised in Elizabeth
- William Livingston (1723-1790), who lived in Elizabeth, the signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, and built the Liberty Hall
- James P. Mitchell (1900-1964), the United States Labor Secretary from 1953 to 1961, ran for the governor of New Jersey but was defeated
- Thomas Mitchell (1892-1962) was born in Elizabeth, an actor who won the Academy Award and the Tony Award
- Hank Mobley (1930-1966), a saxophone player of hard-back jazz
- born in Elizabeth Peña (1961-) and actress Elizabeth
- Lorenzo da Ponte (1749-1838), Italian-born script writer and poet and resident of Elizabeth
- Franklin Leonard POPE (1840-1885), a telegrapher, an inventor, and a young man who lived in Elizabeth and was associated with Thomas Eddison
- Debrary Scott (1953-2005), actress in Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman
- grew up in Mickey Spirain (1918-2006) and writer Elizabeth
- Edward Strattemeyer (1862-1930), writer Hardy Boys, author of Bobsey Twins and girl detective Nancy, who was born and brought up in Elizabeth
- William Sulzer (1863-1941) born in Elizabeth who was impeached as a United States House of Representatives member from New York State and governor of the United States
- Dick Bosbar (1920-2007), a comic writer and songwriter and lyricist who is active mainly in England and born in Elizabeth
- Edward Yur (1918-2010), army soldier and Bazooka developer
- born in Bernie Wagenblast (1956-), announcer, journalist, and Elizabeth
- born and raised in Elizabeth (1958-), a writer and an active member of the New Jersey poetry circle
- Todd Bowles (1963-), a former NFL player, a defensive back of the Washington Redskins and the San Francisco Fotliner, and now the defending coach of the Dallas Cowboys
- Harvey Brown (1933-), a former basketball coach, who is now a TV commentator and raised in Elizabeth
- Rodney Carter (1964-), a former NFL player, Pittsburgh Steelers' runback and third-down receiver
- al Katano (1972-), a former NFL player, a line backer with New England Palitriots and Washington Redskins
- Freddy 'Red' Cochran (1915-1993), a professional boxer, the world champion of welterweight (1941)
- Ron Freeman (1947-), raised in the gold medalist Elizabeth in the 1600m Relay at the 1968 Summer Olympics and attended Thomas Jefferson High School
- Chris Gatling, NBA, Golden State Warriors, Miami Heat, Dallas Marberix, New Jersey Nets, Milwaukee Bucks, Orlando Magic, Denver Nagetz, and Cleveland Cavers play.
- Horace Jenkins (1974-), a former NBA player, Detroit Pistons, and Elizabeth High School
- Assad Abdul Kalik, Minnesota Golden Golfers, 2000-2003, Quarterback
- Don Newcomb (1926-), Major League Baseball pitcher Brooklyn Dodgers (Los Angeles Dodgers) spent most of his career in the players
- Ron Rivers (1971-), a former NFL player, ran back in the sixth season
- Jonar St. Dick (1985-), NFL, Kansas City Chiefs.
- born in Jammer Shipman (1985-), Jay Riesl, Professional Wrestler, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling and Elizabeth
- Craig Taylor (1966-), a former NFL player, ran back for the six-season Cincinnati Bengals
- Edward Patrick Mickey Walker (1903-1981), who won a title for a professional boxer, a welterweight, and a middle-class title, was born and raised in Elizabeth. 10th among 50 sportspeople in New Jersey in Sports Illustrated magazine
- Italy, Libera
- Kitami City, Hokkaido
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- ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Elizabeth city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- ^ Svoboda, Elizabeth. "America's 50 Greenest Cities", Popular Science, February 8, 2008.
- ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 238.
- ^ Georgano, G.N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985).
- ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2008.
- ^ Elizabeth Urban Enterprise Zone, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 22, 2006.
- ^ Harrison, Brianne. "$2B MXD Planned for Elizabeth Waterfront", GlobeSt.com, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 28, 2008.
- ^ Census data for Elizabeth city, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 24, 2007.
- ^ Campbell Gibson, June 1998. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in The United States: 1790 TO 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Read on March 6, 2007.
- ^ Census Table of Immigrant Origins
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- ^ Diskin, Colleen. The Record (Bergen Country), October 6, 2007. Accessed October 6, 2007. "Blume, who grew up in Elizabeth, told me she meets mothers all the time who say they want to pass her books down to their kids."
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- ^ William Burnet, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 23, 2007.
- ^ Nicholas Murray Butler: The Nobel Peace Prize 1931, Nobel Prize Organization. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, this son of Henry L. Butler, a manufacturer, and Mary Murray Butler, daughter of Nicholas Murray, a clergyman and author, began his career with a brilliant record as a student."
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- ^ Abraham Clark, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007.
- ^ Amos Clark, Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 23, 2007.
- ^ Profile: Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff, ABC News, February 15, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Chertoff, who was born in Elizabeth, N.J., on Nov. 28, 1953, received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1975 and his law degree from Harvard University in 1978."
- ^ Hasan, Khalid. "Bush nominee a rabbi's son", Daily Times (Pakistan), January 13, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "According to JTA, a Jewish news service, "Chertoff has strong ties to the Jewish community. Born and raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Chertoff is the son of a rabbi, his two children have attended Jewish day schools and his wife, Meryl, was a co-chairwoman of the regional Anti-Defamation League's civil rights committee when he was the US attorney in New Jersey in the mid 1990s.""
- ^ DeHaven, Judy. "Under pressure, Conn. casinos go big", The Star-Ledger, May 19, 2008. Accessed June 1, 2008. "...Elizabeth native Tom Colicchio is opening a Craftsteak, and the landmark Junior's Cheesecake also will open an outlet..."
- ^ Joseph Halsey Crane, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007.
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- ^ Halsey
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- ^ Hendrickson, Tad. "Close-Up on Elizabeth, New Jersey", The Village Voice, July 8, 2003. Accessed June 28, 2008. "Jazz saxophonist Hank Mobley was raised here."
- ^ Gans, Andrew. "Readings of Broadway-Bound Lorenzo, with Blum, Dean, Jones and Zelno, Offered Nov. 13-15", Playbill, November 13, 2007. Accessed September 3, 2008.
- ^ "DEATH OF FRANKLIN L. POPE; Killed at His Home by an Electric Shock of 3,000 Volts. FOUND DEAD IN HIS CELLAR A Famous Electrician Known as an Expert All Over the World — Had Lived for a Year in Great Barrington, Mass.", The New York Times, October 14, 1895. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Franklin Leonard Pope, the famous electrician, a resident of Elizabeth, N.J., for twenty-five years, was killed accidentally to-day by electricity at his home in this place, where he had lived for the last year."
- ^ Bittan, Dave. "DEBRALEE SCOTT", Philadelphia Daily News, November 30, 1984. Accessed December 28, 2007.
- ^ Smith, Bruce. Star Tribune, July 17, 2006, accessed April 21, 2007. "Spillane was born Frank Morrison Spillane on March 9, 1918, in the New York borough of Brooklyn. He grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., and attended Fort Hayes State College in Kansas where he was a standout swimmer before beginning his career writing for magazines."
- ^ Organizational History, Stratemeyer Syndicate. Accessed December 27, 2006.
- ^ William Sulzer, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 24, 2007.
- ^ " Dick Vosburgh: Comedy writer, lyricist, broadcaster and film buff with clients ranging from Bob Hope to Ronnie Corbett", The Independent, April 20, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Born Richard Kennedy Vosburgh in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1929, he moved to Washington when his father, Frederick, a reporter for Reuters news agency, was offered a job with the National Geographic Magazine."
- ^ "Edward G. Uhl dies at 92; co-inventor of the bazooka". LA Times (May 15, 2010). Read on March 5, 2015.
- ^ Transportation Communications Newsletter September 1, 2006. "1956 **50th anniversary** - Transportation Communications Newsletter editor Bernie Wagenblast is born in Elizabeth, New Jersey.",
- ^ Wind, Barbara. "IN PERSON; The Poet as Working Stiff", The New York Times, December 6, 1998. Accessed February 28, 2008. "Joe Weil is Elizabeth: working-class, irreverent, modest, but open to the world and filled with a wealth of possibilities."
- ^ Todd Bowles, Database Football. Accessed September 19, 2007.
- ^ " KNICKS' NEW CHIEF EXECUTIVE AND THEIR COACH", The New York Times, May 21, 1982, accessed April 22, 2007. "When Hubie Brown, the new coach of the Knicks, was growing up in Elizabeth, N.J., he learned about poverty."
- ^ Rodney Carter, database Football. Accessed September 19, 2007.
- ^ Alcides Catanho profile, database Football. Accessed June 10, 2007.
- ^ "Freddie (Red) Cochrane, Boxer, 77", The New York Times, January 19, 1993. Accessed December 5, 2007.
- ^ Haley, John. Home News Tribune, June 2, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "As for Freeman, the son of former U.S. Olympian Ron Freeman out of Elizabeth, he thought he should have won."
- ^ Idec, Keith. Herald News, January 12, 2005. Accessed July 22, 2007. "The Elizabeth native's athletic ability and scoring skills were obvious to Billups, but he has been more impressed recently with Jenkins' understanding of what Brown expects from his point guards."
- ^ Union County Baseball Hall of Fame Will Induct Three New Members, Feb. 11, Union County, New Jersey press release dated December 27, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Over the years, the awards dinner has honored many local and national baseball luminaries - including Joe Collins of Union, Phil Rizzuto of Hillside, Don Newcombe of Elizabeth, Jeff Torborg of Mountside, Willie Wilson of Summit, Jake Wood of Elizabeth, and Elliott Maddox of Union."
- ^ "Saint-Dic, Adams among 5 players benched for Champ Sports Bowl", ESPN, December 24, 2007. Accessed June 28, 2008. "'I only took two classes this semester, a sociology class for three credits and a math class for five credits,' Saint-Dic said by phone from his hometown of Elizabeth, N.J."
- ^ Craig Taylor player profile, database Football. Accessed August 27, 2007.
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- Official Elizabeth website
- Elizabeth Public Schools
- Elizabeth Public Schools
- Data for the Elizabeth Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Tri-County Red Cross in Elizabeth 90 years
- Crescent Shipyards, was located in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Built The USS Holland [SS-1].
- Trinitas Hospital website
- Elizabeth, New Jersey - City-Data.com
- Elizabeth, NJ - Yahoo!Map Map